The test is for 60 minutes.

The minimum requirement for task 1 is 150 words and for Task 2 it is 250 words.

Test Parts:

There are 2 parts:

Academic Writing

 In Task 1, candidates are given information relating to a graph, table, chart or diagram and are asked to describe, recapitulate or explain the given in their own words. They may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, working of a thing, or describe an object or some event.

In Task 2, candidates are asked to write an essay describing of a point of view, argument or problem. The issues raised are of general interest to, suitable for and easily understood by candidates entering undergraduate or postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration.

The writing style of Task 1 and Task 2 should be formal.


General Training Writing

 In Task 1, candidates are given a situation and are asked to write a personal, semi-formal or formal letter requesting some information or explaining the situation.

In Task 2, candidates have to write an essay responding to a point of view, argument or problem. The essay can be slightly more personal in style than the Academic Writing Task 2. The topics are general in nature.

Skill evaluation:

In both Task 1 and Task2, candidates’ ability to write a response which is appropriate with respect to content, the organisation of ideas, and the accuracy and variety of vocabulary and grammar is evaluated.

Academic Writing

 In Task 1, depending on the task type (whether it is a bar graph, chart, line graph, table, diagram, pie chart etc), candidates ability to organise, present and possibly compare data; to describe the stages of a process or procedure; to describe an object or event or sequence of events; to explain how something works is evaluated.

In Task 2, depending on the task type, candidates’ ability to give a solution to a problem; to present and justify an opinion; to compare and contrast evidence, opinions and implications; to evaluate and challenge ideas, evidence or an argument is evaluated.

General Training Writing

In Task 1, depending on the task type, candidates’ ability to engage in personal correspondence in order to: elicit and provide general factual information; express needs, wants, likes and dislikes; express opinions (views, complaints etc.) is evaluated.

 In Task 2, candidates’ ability to provide general factual information; to outline a problem and present a solution; to present and possibly justify an opinion; to evaluate and test ideas, evidence or an argument is evaluated.


Candidates are assessed on the basis of their performance on each task by certificated IELTS examiners according to the four criteria of the IELTS Writing Test Band Descriptors (task achievement/response, coherence and cohesion, lexical resource, grammatical range and accuracy). Scores are converted to the IELTS 9-band scale and are given in whole and half bands.